2020-02-05 15:29:11
Magnonics
Determining Key Spin-Orbitronic Parameters via Propagating Spin Waves
We characterize spin-wave propagation and its modification by an electrical current in permalloy($\mathrm{Py}$)/$\mathrm{Pt}$ bilayers with $\mathrm{Py}$ thickness between 4 and 20 nm. First, we analyze the frequency nonreciprocity of surface spin waves and extract from it the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction constant ${D}_{s}$ accounting for an additional contribution due to asymmetric surface anisotropies. Second, we measure the spin-wave relaxation rate and deduce from it the $\mathrm{Py}$/$\mathrm{Pt}$ spin-mixing conductance ${g}_{\mathrm{eff}}^{\ensuremath{\uparrow}\ensuremath{\downarrow}}$. Last, applying a dc electrical current, we extract the spin Hall conductivity ${\ensuremath{\sigma}}_{\mathrm{SH}}$ from the change of spin-wave relaxation rate due to the spin Hall spin-transfer torque. We obtain a consistent picture of the spin-wave propagation data for different film thicknesses using a single set of parameters ${D}_{s}=0.25$ pJ/m, ${g}_{\mathrm{eff}}^{\ensuremath{\uparrow}\ensuremath{\downarrow}}=3.2\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}{10}^{19}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\mathrm{m}}^{\ensuremath{-}2}$ and ${\ensuremath{\sigma}}_{\mathrm{SH}}=4\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}{10}^{5}$ S/m.
014016
en
10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.014016
13
1
2020/01/10
Physical Review Applied
Phys. Rev. Applied
O.Gladii
M.Collet
Y.Henry
J.-V.Kim
A.Anane
M.Bailleul