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Highly efficient spin transport in epitaxial graphene on SiC

Spin information processing is a possible new paradigm for post-CMOS electronics and efficient spin propagation over long distances is fundamental to this vision. However, despite several decades of intense research, a suitable platform is still wanting. We report here on highly efficient spin transport in two-terminal polarizer/analyser devices based on high-mobility epitaxial graphene grown on silicon carbide. Taking advantage of high-impedance injecting/detecting tunnel junctions, we show spin transport efficiencies up to 75%, spin signals in the mega-ohm range and spin diffusion lengths exceeding 100 µm. This enables spintronics in complex structures : devices and network architectures relying on spin information processing, well beyond present spintronics applications, can now be foreseen.
B. Dlubak et al., Nature Physics (2012)